This article presents a summary and discussion of the three primary classes of molding machines that are typically put to use. These are the different categories that can be chosen from:1. Squeezers2. Jolt Machines3. Sand Slingers.
The very first kind of molding machines were referred to as squeezers in the industry. Figure 4.11 (a), which can be found further down this page, illustrates the fundamental operating principle that underlies the functionality of squeezer-type molding machines.
The pattern plate is secured to the machine table by means of clamps, and a flask is placed in the area that the pattern plate should have occupied but is instead occupied by the flask. The flask and the sand frame will both be loaded with sand from a hopper once the sand frame has been attached to the flask. This will take place after the sand frame has been attached to the flask.
Following that, the machine table will start to move upward in order to compress the sand between the pattern plate and a squeeze head that will maintain its initial position throughout the process. This compression will take place between the machine table and the squeeze head. After the squeeze head has been positioned within the sand frame, the sand is subsequently pressed down and compacted until it is at the same level as the perimeter of the flask. These machines applied a more forceful pressure on the sand against the back of the mold, whereas they applied a less forceful pressure against the pattern face. This was because the back of the mold was more rigid than the pattern face. When working with shallow patterns in particular, squeegee machines prove to be an exceptionally useful piece of equipment.
The method of shooting the molding material (which was fluidized by means of compressed air) out of the storage tank and into the mold box or the mold chamber (with boxless molding processes), through one or more sand blowing slots, is what distinguishes the multi-stage compaction process known as shoot squeezing from other types of processes. In this process, the molding material is shot out of the storage tank and into the mold box or the mold chamber. This is what sets the method of shoot squeezing apart from other similar approaches. Eventually, during the process of shooting, the air that was drawn into the mold will be allowed to escape through vents. This will allow any trapped air to be released. During the subsequent final compaction, the material is compressed further by being squeezed in the mold. This helps achieve the desired density as well as the required strength of the finished product. The entire spectrum of molding machinery can be broken down into three distinct categories: boxless, vertical mold parting; boxless, horizontal mold parting; and horizontal mold parting with boxes. Each of these subcategories has a unique set of advantages and disadvantages. The benefits and drawbacks associated with each of these subcategories are distinct and individual to that particular subcategory. After this, you will find a further explanation of each of these subcategories that goes into greater detail.
In older generations of plants, the subsequent squeezing of the mold is typically only done from the back of the plant. The outlines of the pattern are etched into the molding material using the side of the squeeze plate that faces the opposite direction. Molding machines have come a long way in the past few decades, and the majority of today's more sophisticated models offer the additional capability of independent compaction on both sides of the part. This is one of the many advancements in this field. In the subsequent step, the swivel plate is eliminated by first rotating it in an upward direction and then moving it toward the face side. Now that we've reached this point, the step is complete. The squeeze plate is responsible for moving the mold cod in the direction of the mold cod that was produced in the cycle that came before this one. As a direct consequence of this, the mold for the cod strand that was completed last is manufactured at the same time as the first half of the mold for the mold that will be manufactured after it. This results in the mold being produced at the same time. A mold strand can then be continuously advanced after it has been obtained in this manner after it has been obtained by the user. After that, the squeeze plate is removed, and the casting unit moves in the opposite direction in order to fill the mold that is positioned underneath it. The shoot squeeze molding process, which is used in the production of molds with cavities that are divided vertically, is distinguished by the short travel distances that are required during the process. This is because the molds that are produced using this process have cavities that are divided vertically. Since this is the case, charcoal briquette machine is not necessary to transport the mold box, which leads to shorter cycle times and higher molding outputs in comparison to what is possible with box mold production. This is due to the fact that the mold itself does not require relocation.
The second variety, which is referred to as Jolt MachinesFigure 4.11 (b), which can be found further down on this page, illustrates the basic workings of the jolt type of molding machine. This diagram depicts the operating principle of the machine.
As can be seen, the hose serves as a conduit for the transfer of pressurized air into a cylinder that functions as a pressure gauge. As a consequence of this, the plunger and the flask, which is currently stuffed with sand, will each rise to a specific height. At this point, the side hole has been exposed, which paves the way for the pressurized air to leave the chamber in a controlled manner.
After that, the plunger will proceed to move further downwards until it makes contact with the guiding cylinder that is remaining in its original position. The process of packing or ramming the molding sand that is contained within the flask is facilitated by the shock waves that are produced as a result of each of the consecutive impacts that are delivered to the flask.
Sand Slingers of the Third Type Fig. 4.11(c), which can be found over on this page, illustrates the fundamental process that a sand slinger machine goes through. You can view this diagram by clicking here.
Molding sand, as can be seen, is placed inside of a housing that contains an impeller, and this housing rotates at a high speed around a horizontal axis. This housing also rotates in the opposite direction of the impeller. In the next step of the molding process, molding sand is utilized.
The flask contains a pattern, which is covered in sand particles, which are then sucked up by rotating blades and propelled at a high rate through an opening onto the pattern. The pattern is contained within the flask. This particular kind of machine is used to shape sand into flasks of any size, and it is versatile enough to be put to use in either the mass production or the production of individual molds. Flasks can be made from any size of sand.
There are also some machines, such as jolt-squeeze machines, that use a combination of the operational principles of two of the primary types of machines. For example, the jolt-squeeze machine squeezes and jolts the product. The complexity of these machines exceeds that of any others of their kind. Machines that are specifically designed for the task are essential in order to successfully remove the pattern from the mold. These machines are required no matter what kind of molding machine is being used because they are universally useful.
In actual operation, these machines accomplish their goal by first inverting the flask while it is still holding the pattern, and then after the flask has been inverted, removing the pattern from the mold. After this step is complete, the flask is inverted so that it is facing its starting position. This category includes a wide variety of distinct machines, such as rock-over pattern-draw machines and roll-over moulding machines, to name just a couple of examples.